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2016 Tang Prize Laureates Doudna and Charpentier Now Winners of 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 13 October 2020 08:23

News broke today (October 7) that 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was jointly awarded to 2016 Tang Prize laureates, Dr. Emmanuelle Charpentier and Dr. Jennifer Doudna for the development of a method for genome editing. It marked the second time that Tang Prize recipients became Nobel Prize winners, with the first time being 2014 Tang Prize winners Dr. James P. Allison and Dr. Tasuku Honjo awarded Nobel Prizes in 2018.

Sharing the enormous pleasure brought by this glory, Dr. Jenn-Chuan Chern, CEO of the Tang Prize Foundation, immediately offered them his heartfelt congratulations, while also expressed his deep gratitude to the Tang Prize selection committee for having the great foresight to choose two laureates whose achievements are universally recognized.

Though living in two continents far away from each other, France’s leading microbiologist Dr. Charpentier and world-renown American RNA expert Dr. Dounda met in 2011 at a conference in Puerto Rico. This chance encounter heralded the beginning of their collaboration. Together, they successfully transform CRISPR/Cas (CRISPR-associated proteins), an adaptive immune defensive system originally found in bacteria and archaea, into a two component system (Cas9 and a single guide RNA). CRISPR/Cas9 is a simple, programmable and efficient genome-editing method that is able to deliver multiple single gRNAs simultaneously to target and remove unwanted genes.

In comparison with the previous gene editing platforms such as TALEN (transcription activator-like effector nuclease) or ZFN (zinc finger nuclease), CRISPR/Cas9 gets the upper hand for being more cost-effective, simple, efficient, precise and sensitive. It changed the science of genetics, opened the floodgates for the discovery and development of new therapies that benefit human beings, and can even help enhance biofuel and agricultural production. The concerted effort they put into the research on CRISPR/Cas9 has improved this technology by leaps and bounds and earned them an array of international awards, among which is the 2016 Tang Prize in Biopharmaceutical Science, jointly awarded to Dr. Charpentier, Dr. Doudna and Chinese-American bioengineer Dr. Feng Zhang.

To combat the coronavirus crisis, Dr. Doudna’s team is also developing CRISPR-based rapid diagnostics for COVID-19. She pointed out that CRISPR can detect RNA from the viral genome itself, which to some degree transcended the limitations faced by many IgM/IgG antibody tests in that it can spot the virus before patients’ immune cells start to produce antibodies. Moreover, CRISPR can easily be reprogrammed to search for different RNA or DNA sequences, therefore reducing the risk of failing to detect the novel coronavirus once it mutates.

Dr. Charpentier decided to use the fund from the Tang Prize Foundation to further examine how our innate immune compartment responds to the infection of S. pyogenes, a Gram-positive bacterium. As outlined in her research proposal, innate immune cells “possess…a vast array of germline encoded Pathogen Recognition Receptors (PRRs), such as Toll Like Receptors (TLRs)” and because “ten human TLRs evolved to recognize specific Pathogen Associated Molecular Patterns (PAPMs) shared among different bacterial species,” our body can promptly detect “microbial invaders albeit without the specificity characteristic of the adaptive immune system.”

Founded by Taiwanese entrepreneur Dr. Samuel Yin, the Tang Prize is aimed to draw the world’s attention to the wisdom mankind needs in order to deal with issues unique to the 21st century. It consists of four categorizes (Sustainable Development, Biopharmaceutical Science, Sinology and Rule of Law). With NT $50 million allocated to winners in each category (40 million prize money and 10 million research grant), it hopes to encourage the world’s top talent to work together for the betterment of human civilization. Awarded biannually since 2014, the Tang Prize announced its latest laureates in June 2020. However, due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Foundation decided to cancel this year’s award ceremony and banquet but has planned to invite the 2020 laureates to deliver speeches at major international conferences and to travel to Taiwan to receive the award, when the pandemic is no longer considered a global health threat.

Last Updated on Tuesday, 13 October 2020 18:39
 
The online meeting of the Board of Presidents of INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING was held on Sep 16, 2020 PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 21 September 2020 15:28

On September 16, 2020, the online meeting of the Board of Presidents of INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF ENGINEERING was held. The director of TCIAE, Dr. Jenn-Chuan CHERN, had a speech during the meeting. The following is the content:

I would like to give you a brief report on some of our main work and achievements. The Taiwan Chapter held its board of directors meeting on July 16th. President Gusev and Mr. Song-Jeng Huang, who is the director of Science and Technology Division of Taipei Representative Office in Moscow, were invited to talk about the interactions between Taiwan and Russia. A news article about their talks has been posted on the Taiwan Chapter’s website.

Thanks to the hard work of our administrator, all the information on our website is available in Chinese, English and Russian. We welcome members from other chapters to visit the website for any resources they need.

http://www.tciae.org.tw/

From June 18 to 21, 2020, we announced the latest Tang Prize winners. They are: Britain's Jane Goodall in Sustainable Development; America's Charles Dinarello, Marc Feldman, who is both British and Australian, and Japan’s Tadamitsu Kishimoto in Biopharmaceutical Science; Australia’s Wang Gungwu in Sinology; and for the prize in Rule of Law, it went to three non-governmental organizations: Bangladesh Environmental Lawyers Association based in Bangladesh, Dejusticia based in Colombia, and The Legal Agenda based in Agenda. They will share the prize money, 1.7 million US dollars.

On September 21 and 22, the Tang Prize Foundation will hold four Masters’ Forums, lifting the curtain on this year’s Tang Prize events. The Foundation cordially invites anyone interested to visit our official website and participate online in these thought-provoking conferences. (https://www.tang-prize.org/en/week.php?cat=94)

Sustainable Development

https://www.tang-prize.org/ton/develop_en.html


Biopharmaceutical Science

https://www.tang-prize.org/ton/science_en.html


Taiwan has been able to contain the spread of COVID-19, and so far people's lives here have not changed that much. But some travel restrictions are still in place. From this moment on, I think our focus should be on developing effective vaccines and drugs and on bringing them to market. It will require our collective efforts to achieve this goal. Finally, I hope everyone will take good care of themselves and I wish you all the best.

Last Updated on Monday, 21 September 2020 16:01
 
Welcome Taiwan’s scholars and experts to participate in the ICMMB seminar to be held in Moscow next June PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Monday, 14 September 2020 14:19

 

Welcome Taiwan’s scholars and experts to participate in the ICMMB seminar to be held in Moscow next June

https://www.icmmb2021.com/

 

Last Updated on Friday, 18 September 2020 21:14
 
2020 Tang Prize Masters’Forums Elicit Laureates’ Insight about How to Face Challenges Posed by COVID-19 PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Wednesday, 02 September 2020 21:05

 

On September 21 and 22, the Tang Prize Foundation will hold four Masters Forums, lifting the curtain on this years Tang Prize events. The Foundation cordially invites anyone interested in topics related to sustainable development, biopharmaceutical science, Sinology, and the rule of law to visit our official website and participate online in these thought-provoking conferences.

 

https://twitter.com/prizetang/status/1300653443615322112?s=21

 
俄羅斯科學院西伯利亞分院刊物(Science in Siberia)刊登本會創辦人尹先生報導 PDF Print E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Wednesday, 02 September 2020 20:52
There are no translations available.

俄羅斯科學院西伯利亞分院刊物(Science in Siberia)於2020.8.20刊登尹先生報導(下載PDF),譯文如下: 俄羅斯科學院西伯利亞分院榮譽博士Samuel Yin 70大壽

尹衍樑(Samuel Yin)是國立台灣大學教授、國立台灣科技大學、北京大學、清華大學教授、武漢大學名譽教授、中國水利水電科學研究院名譽教授。

尹教授主要是研究複合結構的強度,特別是與抗震結構有關的強度。 在他的領導下,開發了一套預鑄格子板系統,該系統適用於設計高層建築隔震系統的高科技和創新方法,並創建了一套將科學、生產、控制和抗震結構操作相結合的新型預鑄工法。

值得注意的是,尹教授在基於抗震結構的多螺箍加固創新方法的基礎上,開發了一種用於自動生產加固結構的系統和技術的研究,獲得台灣、美國、英國、加拿大、日本等400多項專利,並運用在實際生產中。尹教授還創立具有獨特地震模擬的地震工程實驗室。

尹教授的成就,獲得無數國家和國際知名獎項和榮譽,包括工業發展研究的亨利·邁克(Henry L. Michel)獎、北京大學獎章、聯合國環境獎,以及許多其他獎項。

尹教授的社會活動得到各界高度的認可,他是許多科學家、大學生及研究生獎項的創辦人,特別值得一提的是「唐獎」:永續經營、漢學、法治、生技醫藥四大領域。除每位得獎得主獲得140萬美金的獎金之外,還另外再為科學研究撥款(超過34萬美金)。獲獎者分別來自以下國家:加拿大、法國、南非、日本、挪威、美國、印度、澳洲、孟加拉國、以色列等。

多年來,尹教授一直與俄羅斯科學院西伯利亞分院合作,特別是在應用力學研究所,包含在西伯利亞分院主席團與台灣科技部的國際合作研究計劃。

西伯利亞科學院祝賀榮譽博士Samuel Yin身體健康、取得新的巨大成就、幸福、好運,並繼續與西伯利亞分院保持合作。

Last Updated on Wednesday, 02 September 2020 21:00
 
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